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Does Exercise Boost the Immune System?

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Exercise is an immune booster, but if you’ve been exposed to or are recovering from COVID-19, you might want to take it easy, according to a recent analysis.

One of our best defenses against the onslaught of perilous viruses is a strong immune system. When it comes to exercise, however, scientists have long debated whether it helps or hinders our ability to fend off sickness.

The controversy arose in the 1980s, when researchers found that certain marathon runners suffered from infections in the days following races. The notion that exercise suppresses the immune system has persisted ever since, despite flaws in the original research and subsequent surveys showing that marathoners actually missed fewer days of training because of illness than less-active athletes did.

Pro-exercise evidence has been mounting ever since. A 2005 study, for instance, noted that when infected with the influenza virus, mice that ran for 20 to 30 minutes daily for three days were more likely than their sedentary counterparts to survive.

More recently, researchers have refuted the so-called open-window theory, which argues that a vigorous workout causes immune cells to flood the bloodstream and then disappear, leaving the body vulnerable to pathogens.

Subsequent studies show that while there’s a reduction in the frequency and function of immune cells in the blood following vigorous, prolonged exercise, this doesn’t reflect immune suppression; instead, it’s part of “a heightened state of immune surveillance and immune regulation driven by a preferential mobilization of cells to peripheral tissues.”

“There is no or limited evidence for exercise directly increasing the chance of developing any kind of viral infection,” University of Bath health-science professor James Turner, PhD, tells the New York Times. “So, it is safe to exercise, despite concerns about the coronavirus.”

It might not be prudent, though, to embark on an intense fitness regimen if you’re recovering from COVID-19, according to an analysis of recent studies published in May by the American College of Cardiology.

“There remains controversy as to whether more exhaustive and prolonged exercise negatively affects the immune system and increases susceptibility to infection,” lead study author Michael Scott Emery, MD, writes. “Given that COVID-19 has numerous direct and indirect effects on the heart, questions remain regarding the safety of exercise in those exposed to COVID-19 or who are recovering.”

So, if you’ve been active, stay the course; if you’re just resuming your fitness groove, take it slow. Either way could help keep the bugs at bay.

This originally appeared as “Exercise: A Proven Immune Booster” in the September 2020 print issue of Experience Life.


Craig Cox
is an Experience Life deputy editor.

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Health & Fitness

The 4 Communication Styles – Experience Life

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How knowing these four different communication styles can improve your relationships.

When I was in seventh grade, my friends and I developed a pattern of sulking, almost on a monthly rotation. We’d take turns getting upset about something relatively minor — one friend wouldn’t call when she said she would, another would flirt with that cute boy we’d all been crushing on.

Whatever the origin of the sulk, the aggrieved party would insist, “I’m not mad.” Resolving the conflict became impossible, because no one would ever admit they were angry.

I didn’t know it at the time, but that behavior is a classic example of passive-aggressive communication — and it’s an ineffective way to get your point across.

So why do some people persist in long sighs, insincere denials, and other hallmarks of passive aggression? It’s not that they’re stuck in middle school, experts say. It’s just one of the four basic communication styles: passive, passive-aggressive, aggressive, and assertive.

Our communication style can be a powerful tool in building meaningful connections with others. Though our way of communicating may vary depending on the situation and the individual, we all tend to gravitate toward one dominant mode — and sometimes get entrenched in bad habits.

Research suggests the assertive style is the healthiest and most effective, although it’s normal to use one of the other types on occasion. When communication breaks down, it’s often because of conflicting styles.

“Communicating effectively is a good way to lower the amount of stress we’re experiencing individually and collectively,” says psychologist Randy Paterson, PhD, author of The Assertiveness Workbook. “As we think about the pain in the world, think about how much stems from people feeling profoundly alienated from one another.”

Understanding your own com­munication style — and learning how to identify the types of those around you — can foster more compassion and mutual respect in your most important relationships.

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